What is Other Backward Classes (or OBCs) ?
The OBCs in India are a group of castes officially
recognized as being traditionally subject to exclusion, while still having a
higher status than Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. OBCs comprise about
half of India's population, and are entitled to 27% of the job reservations in
Government employment and other benefits and concessions.
What are the
different kinds of OBCs ?
The Government of India and State Government of
Maharashtra has from time to time declared different communities and castes as
Are East Indians
included in list of OBCs. ?
Recently the Maharashtra State Cabinet took a decision to include
East Indian Christians and East Indian Catholics in the list of State
OBCs. However, Central Government is
yet to include East Indians in the category of OBCs. At present the Central Government list only includes Christians
converted from Scheduled Castes and Christian Kolis in the list of OBCs.
When can one avail
the benefits of OBCs under the State List ?
As soon as the decision to include East Indians in the OBC
List of the State is published in the Maharashtra State Official Gazette and
thereafter the OBC Caste Certificate is obtained.
What is the
procedure required to be followed to obtain OBC Caste Certificate.?
A person intending to apply for OBC Certificate has to
apply through his parents if alive or through any senior member of the family
to Deputy District Collector or City District Collector as the case may be,
through the Office of the Tahsildar ( Competent Authority ). Tahsildars
are situated at Old Custom House, Fort,
Bandra (W), Andheri (W) Near Bhavans College, Borivali (W), Kurla,
The preprinted application
form ( in Marathi ) should be obtained from said offices and should be
submitted along with necessary documentary evidences.
Kindly affix Rs.5/- Court Fee stamp on the said application form.
Please note that a Caste Certificate issued by any person, officer or authority
other than the Competent Authority is invalid.
Please note that receiving the OBC certificate in itself it of no use for jobs, admission etc. In order to be able to apply one must also have an ELEGIBILITY CERTIFICATE. It is in this that we undertake to say that we do not fall within the CREAMY LAYER.
- Collect form from Thasildar office
- Fill up the form
- Make an Affidavit
- Submit the form to the Thasildar office with documents and affidavit
- Please note that no one else besides that Govt. can give an OBC certificate.
- Also, currently (11th april 06) ther isn't any body who is given the right, by the government to cretify who is or is not an East Indian. For such another application has to be made to the Govt. The Govt. will scrutinize their track record and then take a decision, which will take it's own course and time.
- What the Tahsildar will look for is the word "East Indian" in the attached documents.
- There are quite a few East Indians who have their (/ their father's / their Grandfather's) birth certificates which categorically have East Indians over there. It is noticed that quite a few have such written on the School records (School Leaving Certificates)
On receiving the elegibility certificate, one can apply for job, admission and a host of benefits.
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Schedule Caste, Schedule
Tribes,_______ and Other Backward Castes Application Form
Affix Rs. 5 Court Fee Stamp.
Name)____ Taluka Office,
Subject: Application of _____(East Indian)____________
SC / ST /OBC Certificate.
the undersigned, Mr. / Mrs. ________(Name & Surname)______________
do hereby apply for myself / my son / my daughter the ____(OBC)__________
Certificate. For this I submit the below mentioned information :-
d. Traditional Occupation :
(If father is not alive, his last residential address)
who wants certification
and Age :
and Reason of Leaving Native Place:
of residing at the Present Place:
Birth / Death Certificate :
Leaving Certificate / School Registration Certificate:
Service Registration of Government Employee :
Any other proof :
For the caste certificate, have you applied to any other competent Authority
On 10th August 1950, the applicants fathers native place, village name and
If the applicant is out of Maharashtra State, proof of residence from that
Districts Competent Authority be submitted.
I am a permanent resident of ___(Village Name)____Village,
___(Taluka Name)___ Taluka for reasons of job / education, or any other
temporary reason, do hereby promise that the above written information is true,
to the best of my knowledge, and if it is false, I will be liable for punishment
under IPC 199 / 200 (13) (2) for three years imprisonment.
Where are the Tahsildars offices ?
The offices of the Tahsildars are based on the territorial jurisdiction :
- Old Custom House, Fort (for Mahim, Sion and City)
- Andheri (West), Near Bhavan's College. (for Bandra upto Jogeshwari)
- Borivili (West), Near Topiwalla College (for Kurla upto Mulund)
- Thana (West), Near Railway Station (for Thana, Vasai and Raigad)
What is documentary
evidence one needs to submit to obtain OBC Caste Certificate or the Validity
If a person is a permanent resident of a particular
area/locality, then Caste Certificate issued by the Competent Authority of the
same area/locality to any other person.
- Copy of the Primary or Secondary School Leaving
- Copy of the extract of the Register for Primary or Secondary School, where the person
was last studying, notifying his Religion or Caste
- If the person is in Government Service, then copy of
service record to be provided.
- Copy of Primary or Secondary School Leaving Certificate
or the Birth or Death Certificate of the Father.
- Copy of the Caste Certificate of the
Father/Uncle/Cousin Brother or Sister/other elderly family members or copy of
their Birth Certificate. Or if any of above persons are in Government service
then, their service record notifying their Religion/Caste.
- Copy of Ration Card as Proof of Residence.
- A letter from the Registered Society of the Caste,if any.
What are benefits
of OBC Caste Certificate.?
There are number of benefits one can avail. Certain
percentage of seats are specifically reserved in all professional degree and
diploma colleges for OBC Category viz Medicine, Engineering, Architecture.
There are certain percentage of jobs
also reserved in State Government, Municipal Corporations, Municipal
Councils, Nagarpalika, State Government undertaking like S.T., MSEB, High Court
and other Courts, Police, BEST etc. Seats are also reserved for contesting
After obtaining OBC
Caste Certificate from the Competent Authority, whether one can get reservation
in education or job automatically.?
The State Government has constituted a Scrutiny Committee
for verification of Caste Certificates issued by the Competent Authority. The
office of the Scrutiny Committee is located at Konkan Bhavan, 6th
Floor, Extension Building, Room No.71, New Bombay 400 614. One has to carry the original OBC Caste
Certificate and all supporting original documents which were submitted earlier
while obtaining Caste Certificates from the Competent Authority. For the said
purpose one has to make an application well in advance, in such form and in
such manner as may be prescribed to the Scrutiny Committee for the verification
of such Caste Certificates and issuance of a validity certificate. The students
who wish to apply for Medicine, Engineering, Architecture etc. under the OBC
quota are required to attach the copy of the caste certificate at the time of
admission to the said courses. However, at the time of selection to the said
courses, one needs to submit validity certificate. It is therefore recommended
that those students who are studying in F.Y.J.C or Std. XI ( Science ) should apply to the Scrutiny
Committee well before 30th November for the relevant year.
What are the
various benefits and concessions given by the State Government to OBCs?
Maharashtra State Other Backward Classes Finance and
Development Corporation ( MSOBCFDC ) is a Government of Maharashtra undertaking
Company under Social Justice, Welfare, Cultural Affairs Department. The
Corporation has been established on 25.09.1998 with the objective of economic
and development activities for the benefit of Other Backward Classes in the
State and to the assist the weaker section of the target group in skill
development and self-employment activities. The following facilities are extended
by the MSOBCFDC.
Term Loan :
Under this scheme, the project cost is up to Rs. 5 lacs out of which
85% loans is sectioned by the Central Corporation. 10% State Corporation and 5%
beneficiaries. However, as per the guidelines of the Central Corporation 75%
proposals are to be sanctioned having project cost up to Rs. 50,000/- and 25%
proposal should be sanctioned having project cost from Rs.50,000/- to Rs. 5
Under this scheme 50% is Bank loan, 40% is Central
Corporation Loan, 5% each is from State Corporation and beneficiary and project
cost is Rs. up to 5 lacs. Rate of interest for the 40% Central Corporation loan
between 6% and State Corporation loan carry the rate of interest @ 6% and Bank
charges their Rate of interest as per their terms and conditions.
Under this Scheme
Non-Governmental Organizations which have established the Self Help Groups
(SHG) are granted loans up to Rs 5 lacs for disbursement of SHGs. The NGO is
expected to distribute this loan to the members of the OBC, the upper limit per
beneficiary is Rs.20,000/-. The loan is granted to the NGO @ 5% and NGO is
expected to grant the loan to SHG @ 9%. The loan is repayable within 36 months.
Samrudhi Yojana :
Under this scheme the loan is sanctioned to Self Help
Group up to Rs. 5 lacs for disbursement to the 20 members of Self Help Group.
The maximum limit to per member is Rs. 25,000/-. The loan is granted to the
members of SHG @ 4% p.a.
With a view of empowerment of the women, Central
Corporation has introduced this scheme from the current financial year. Under
this scheme women having income upto the below poverty level are sanctioned
loans up to Rs. 50,000/- for small activity, which carry the interest @ 4% only.
The women beneficiaries are not require to contribute 5% and repayment period 2
year more than the normal scheme.
The scheme was introduced during last year. Under the
scheme education loan is sanctioned to beneficiaries of the Corporation who
have secured admission in the professional courses e.g. Health Sciences,
Engineering, Computer, Management etc in the institutions which have been
approved by the Central Councils. The Minimum Loan p.a. is Rs. 75,000 and
Maximum Amount of Loan is Rs. 3 lacs which carry interest @ 4%. The loan is
repayable after 6 months of the completion of the course in 5 years' period.
Saksham Scheme :
In order to inculcate the spirit of self-confidence among
youths through self-employment and utilize their wisdom and expense gained
through professional training and education the Corporation may consider
providing financial assistance at concessional rate of interest to these
professionally trained youths belonging to Backward Classes. Under this scheme loan
upto Rs., 5.00 lakhs is sanctioned for starting the activities @ 5%. The
beneficiaries between the age group of 18 to 35 are eligible under this scheme.
Other conditions are similar to other schemes.
Who are eligible
for OBC Caste Certificate.?
All East Indian are eligible, except the creamy layer of
persons (list attached)
What is Creamy Layer?
The Government of India has evolved the criteria for exclusion of certain
socially advanced persons/sections from the benefits of reservation available
to OBCs in civil posts and services under the Government of India and this is
called the "Creamy Layer criteria"
Excluded from Reservation which constitute Creamy Layer of the Society
To whom rule of exclusion will apply
Sons and daughter(s) of
(a) President of India;
(b) Vice-President of India;
(c) Judges of the Supreme Court and
of the High Courts;
(d) Chairman and Members of UPSC and
of the State Public Service
Commission; Chief Election Commissioner; Comptroller and Auditor-General of India;
(e) Persons holding constitutional
positions of like nature.
A. Group A/Class I Officers of the All India Central and State Services
Son(s) and daughter(s) of
(a) parents, both of whom are Class I
(b) parents, either of whom is a
Class I officer;
c) parents, both of whom are Class I
officers, but one of them dies or
suffers permanent incapacitation;
(d) parents, either of whom is a
Class I officer and such parents dies or suffers permanent incapacitation and
before such death or such
incapacitation has had the benefit of
employment in any International Organisation like UN, IMF, World bank, etc., for a period of not less than 5 years;
(e) parents, both of whom are Class I
officers die or suffer permanent incapacitation and before such death or such
incapacitation of the both either of them has had the benefit of employment
in any International Organisation like UN, IMF, World Bank, etc. for a period
of not less than 5 years;
that the rule of exclusion shall not apply in the following cases :-
(a) Sons and daughters of parents
either of whom or both of whom are Class I officers and such parent(s)
dies/die or suffer permanent incapacitation;
(b) A lady belonging to OBC category
has got married to a Class I officer, and may herself like to apply for job.
Group B/Class II Officers of the Central and State Services (Direct
Son(s) and daughter(s) of
(a) parents, both of whom are Class
(b) parents of whom only the husband
is a Class II officer and he
gets into Class I at the age of 40 or earlier;
(c) parents, both of whom are Class
II officers and one of them dies or suffers permanent incapacitation and
either one of them has had the benefit of employment in any International
Organisation UN, IMF, World Bank, etc., for a period of not less than 5 years
before such death or permanent incapacitation;
(d) parents of whom the husband is a
Class I officer (direct recruitment or pre-forty promoted) and the wife is a
Class II officer and the wife dies; or suffers permanent incapacitation; and
(e) Parents, of whom the wife is a
Class I officer (Direct Recruit or pre-forty promoted) and the husband is a
Class II officer and the husband dies or suffers permanent incapacitation;
that the rule of exclusion shall not apply in the following cases:-
and daughters of
(a) Parents both of whom are Class II officers and one of them
dies or suffers permanent incapacitation.
(b) Parents, both of whom are Class
II officers and both of them die or suffer permanent incapacitation, even
though either of them has had the benefit of employment in any International
Organisation like UN, IMF, World Bank, etc, for a period of not less than 5
years before their death or permanent incapacitation.
Employees in Public Sector Undertakings, etc.
criteria enumerated in A and B above in this category will apply mutatis mutandis
to officers holding equivalent or comparable posts in PSUs, Banks, Insurance
Organisations, Universities, etc., and also to equivalent or comparable posts
and positions under private employment, pending the evaluation of the posts
on equivalent or comparable basis in these institutions, the criteria
specified in Category VI below will apply to the officers in these
Armed forces including Paramilitary Forces (Persons holding civil posts are
and daughter(s) of parents either or both of whom is or are in the rank of
Colonel and above in the Army and to equivalent posts in the Navy and the Air
Force and the Paramilitary Forces;
(i) If the wife of an armed forces officer is herself in the armed forces
(i.e., the category under consideration) the rule of exclusion will apply
only when she herself has reached the rank of Colonel;
(ii) the service ranks below Colonel of husband and wife shall not be clubbed
(iii) if the wife of an officer in the armed forces is in civil employment,
this will not be taken into account for applying the rule of exclusion unless
she falls in the service category under item No. II in which case the
criteria and conditions enumerated therein will apply to her independently.
Professional class and those engaged in Trade and Industry
(i) Persons engaged in profession as a doctor,lawyer, chartered accountant,
income tax consultant, financial or management consultant,
dental surgeon, engineer, architect, computer specialist, film artists and
other film professional, author, playwright, sports person, sports
professional, media professional or any other vocations of like status.
specified against Category VI will apply
Persons engaged in trade, business and industry.
specified against Category VI
(i) Where the husband is in some profession and the wife is in a Class II or
lower grade employment, the income/wealth test will apply only on the basis
of the husbands income.
(ii) If the wife is in any profession and the husband is in employment in a
Class II or lower rank post, then the income/wealth criterion will apply only
on the basis of the wifes income and the husbands income will not be
clubbed with it.
A. Agricultural holding.
and daughter(s) of persons
belonging to a family (father, mother and minor children) which owns-
only irrigated land which is equal to or more than 85% of the statutory
ceiling area, or
(b) both irrigated and unirrigated land, as follows:-
(i) The rule of exclusion will apply where the pre-condition exists that the
irrigated area (having been brought to a single type under a common
denominator) 40% or more of the statutory ceiling limit for irrigated land
(this being calculated by excluding the unirrigated portion). If this
pre-condition of not less than 40% exists, then only the area of unirrigated
land will be taken into account. This will be done by converting, the
unirrigated land on the basis of the conversion formula existing, into the
irrigated type. The irrigated area so computed from unirrigated land shall be
added to the actual area of irrigated land and if after such clubbing
together the total area in terms of irrigated land is 85% or more of the
statutory ceiling limit for irrigated land, then the rule of exclusion will
apply and disentitlement will occur.)
(ii) The rule of exclusion will not apply if the land holding of a family is
(i) Coffee, tea, rubber, etc.
(ii) Mango, citrus, apple plantations, etc.
of income/wealth specified in Category VI below will apply.
Deemed as agricultural holding and hence
criteria at A above under this category will apply. Criteria specified in
Category VI below will apply.
Vacant land and/or buildings in urban Agglomerations.
Building may be used for residential, industrial or
commercial purpose and the like two or more such purposes.
Persons having gross annual income of Rs. 2.5 lakh or above or possessing
wealth above the exemption limit as prescribed in the Wealth Act for a period
of three consecutive years.
(b) Persons in Categories I, II, III and V-A who are not disentitled to the benefit
of reservation but have income from other sources of wealth which will bring
them within the income/wealth criteria mentioned in (a) above.
(i) Income from salaries or agricultural land shall not be clubbed;
(ii) The income criteria in terms of rupee will be modified taking into
account the change in its value every three years. If the situation, however,
so demands, the interregnum may be less.
the expression permanent incapacitation occur in this schedule, it shall
mean incapacitation which results in putting an officer out of service.